Domestic pigs, also referred to as swine or hogs, are stocky bodied hoofed animals that have developed for farming purposes as a subspecies of the wild boar. Raised around the world to provide valuable products for humans, domestic pigs are bred to be much larger than their ancestors in order to produce higher yields of meat (pork), lard, leather, glue, fertilizer, and samples for medical research. Naturally intelligent and social, domestic pigs are among the smartest of all domesticated animals and are often credited as being smarter than dogs.
Uses: Pork, lard, leather, glue, fertilizer, medicines
Scientific Name: Sus domesticus
Domestic Pig side elevation (standing), side (female farmer), front, side (laying down)
Hippopotamuses, or hippos for short, are large semiaquatic mammals found in sub-Saharan Africa. Commonly sighted in rivers, swamps and lakes, the hippopotamus is an herbivore that lives mostly in the water when not feeding on nearby grasses. The hippo is the third-largest land mammal on the planet.
Scientific Name: Hippopotamus amphibius
Hippopotamus side profile, front, back, side (laying down)
The Guanaco, like the Vicuña, is a wild camelid that lives in the high elevations of the Andes. The Guanaco is the wild parent to the Llama, a the result of domesticating the Guanaco for use as pack animal, and the Alpaca, who is the result of domesticating the Guanaco for its coat. The Guanaco is an extremely speedy runner, capable of reaching speeds upwards of 40 miles per hour, and a talented swimmer. The Guanaco is a herd animal and has developed different ways of communicating which include, ear movements, vocalizations, spitting, and marking territory with dung.
Scientific Name: Lama guanicoe
Guanaco side elevation (standing), side (person), front, back, walking
Goats are horned mammals belonging to the Capra genus and are often used for farming purposes. Domestic goats are primarily kept for milk production, but have also been used for meat, fur, and skins across much of the world. Goats are one of the oldest animal species domesticated by man.
The Vicuña is one of the two wild South American camelids that live in the high alpine areas of the Andes, with the other species being the Guanaco. The Vicuña is highly prized for its fine coat, which can only be shone every three years. The fine fibers of their coat have been desired since Incan times, when garments made from Vicuña wool were reserved for royalty only. The Vicuña is the national animal of Peru and is protected by conservationists after a brief stint on the endangered animals list in 1974. Despite being previously considered distinct from the Alpaca and the Llama, recent DNA research has revealed potential wild Vicuña parentage in domesticated Alpaca.
Scientific Name: Vicugna vicugna
Vicuña side elevation (standing), side (person), front, eating, back