Bison, also commonly known as buffalo, are nomadic grazing herbivores and the largest surviving terrestrial mammals in North America and Europe. Once a symbol for the American Great Plains, vast herds of bison provided food, clothing and tools for the native people of the prairies. After being hunted to near extinction by settlers, the majority of bison today are raised in captivity as livestock.
Uses: Meat, hide, wool, dairy
Scientific Name: Bison bison
Bison | Buffalo side elevation (standing), front, back, side (laying down)
The Guanaco, like the Vicuña, is a wild camelid that lives in the high elevations of the Andes. The Guanaco is the wild parent to the Llama, a the result of domesticating the Guanaco for use as pack animal, and the Alpaca, who is the result of domesticating the Guanaco for its coat. The Guanaco is an extremely speedy runner, capable of reaching speeds upwards of 40 miles per hour, and a talented swimmer. The Guanaco is a herd animal and has developed different ways of communicating which include, ear movements, vocalizations, spitting, and marking territory with dung.
Scientific Name: Lama guanicoe
Guanaco side elevation (standing), side (person), front, back, walking
Giraffes, the world’s tallest mammals, are known for their long necks and legs, ossicone horns, and distinct spotted coat patterns. Roaming open savannas and woodlands in herds, giraffes forage for leaves, fruits and flowers at treetop heights that other mammals cannot reach.
Gazelles are medium-sized antelopes known for their ringed horns and swift running speeds that can reach up to 40 mph | 64 km/h. Living in large herds of several hundred, gazelles graze in wide-open plains in search of grasses, shoots, and leaves.
Elephants are the largest land mammals on Earth. These herbivorous animals are identified by their unique features such as their long trunks for breathing, gathering water, and grabbing objects, ivory tusks used as weapons and tools for foraging, and large ears that flap to control body temperature. Elephants tend to stay near bodies of water and various species have adapted to savannahs, forests, deserts and marsh environments. Though elephants are listed as both vulnerable and endangered today, when protected in the wild they can live up to 70 years.