Cattle, also commonly referred to as cows, are the most commonly domesticated ungulates. Evidence of the domestication of cattle dates back to 6,500 B.C., with cattle being one of the first species domesticated after sheep, goats, pigs, and dogs. Domestic cattle serve a trifold purpose being raised for their meat, milk, and work abilities. In some areas of the world, such as India, cattle are a religious figure and are not raised for slaughter. Cattle are not as commonly raised for their work abilities as they used to be, since they were replace by horses and then later machines; they are now primarily raised for meat or dairy.
Dairy cows are a type of cattle cow bred specifically for the production of greater quantities of milk used to make a range of common dairy products from cheeses, to yogurts, butters, ice cream, and sour cream. Increasingly specialized from beef cattle, dairy cows are raised in herds on dairy farms where they will spend between 2-4 years producing milk before being marketed for beef. Cattle are farmed for a variety of human products that include milk and beef, but also include leathers, fats, gelatins, and medicinal bi-products.
Knickers is an oversized Holstein steer in Western Australia that gained internet fame for its impressive size. Standing at 6’4” | 1.93 m and weighing an estimated 2,800 pounds | 1,270 kg, Knickers’ size is emphasized by his proximity to surrounding Wagyu cattle that average 4.5’ | 1.37 m tall.
Uses: Milk, meat (beef), leather, gelatin, medical products
Scientific Name: Bos taurus
Diary Cow standing side elevation, side (male farmer), front, side (laying down)
Bison, also commonly known as buffalo, are nomadic grazing herbivores and the largest surviving terrestrial mammals in North America and Europe. Once a symbol for the American Great Plains, vast herds of bison provided food, clothing and tools for the native people of the prairies. After being hunted to near extinction by settlers, the majority of bison today are raised in captivity as livestock.
Uses: Meat, hide, wool, dairy
Scientific Name: Bison bison
Bison | Buffalo side elevation (standing), front, back, side (laying down)