Bactrian Camel

The Bactrian Camel is a two-humped camelid residing in the Central and Eastern Asian Desert and is closely related, but wholly distinct from, the Wild Bactrian Camel, Camelus ferus. With its tolerance for both hot and cold temperatures, adaptation for high altitudes, and endurance for many miles, the Bactrian Camel enabled trade along the Silk Road from 130 B.C. to 1453 A.D. as a versatile pack animal. While mostly domesticated, a small feral population still exists in southwest Kazakhstan and India. Similar to the Dromedary Camel, the Bactrian Camel rarely sweats, can close its nostrils to sand, and has two rows of eyelashes to protect his eyes.

The average Bactrian Camel has an overall height of 84" (7’) (2.13 m), withers height of 62"-71" (5’2”-5’11”) (157-180 cm), and body length of 89"-138" (7’5”-11’6”) (225-350 cm). A typical Bactrian Camel weighs between 990-1100 lb (450-500 kg) and has a lifespan of roughly 20-40 years; 50 (wild).

Illustrations of Bactrian Camels in various postures including walking, standing, and lying down

The Bactrian Camel is a two-humped camelid residing in the Central and Eastern Asian Desert and is closely related, but wholly distinct from, the Wild Bactrian Camel, Camelus ferus. With its tolerance for both hot and cold temperatures, adaptation for high altitudes, and endurance for many miles, the Bactrian Camel enabled trade along the Silk Road from 130 B.C. to 1453 A.D. as a versatile pack animal. While mostly domesticated, a small feral population still exists in southwest Kazakhstan and India. Similar to the Dromedary Camel, the Bactrian Camel rarely sweats, can close its nostrils to sand, and has two rows of eyelashes to protect his eyes.

The average Bactrian Camel has an overall height of 84" (7’) (2.13 m), withers height of 62"-71" (5’2”-5’11”) (157-180 cm), and body length of 89"-138" (7’5”-11’6”) (225-350 cm). A typical Bactrian Camel weighs between 990-1100 lb (450-500 kg) and has a lifespan of roughly 20-40 years; 50 (wild).

Common Questions
Common Questions
Common Questions
What is the fiber that camelids produce?
The fiber that camelids produce is actually their hair and each type of fiber has its own characteristics. The camelids family includes alpacas, llamas, vicunas, and guanacos. The vicuna fiber is sought for its softness and fineness, while the alpaca fiber is desired for its quality and quantity. Camelid fiber was used mostly in South American, specifically Andean textiles.
Why are camelids not true ruminants?
Camelids are not true ruminants because although they both have multiple compartments in their stomachs, ruminants have four compartments in their stomachs while camelids have three. The four compartments of a ruminant’s stomach are called the rumen, reticulum, omasum, and abomasum. The three compartments of a camelid’s stomach are called C-1, C-2, and C-3. Ruminant animals include cattle, sheep, buffalo, deer, and goats.
Why do camelids spit?
Camelids spit for a variety of reasons and can spit up to 10 feet away. A female camelid may spit at an interested male to let him know she is not interested, while both female and males may spit to keep others away from their food. Spitting is also used to warn possible aggressors. Some camelids may spit with little provocation.

Details

*Under Development*

Height: 
84" (7’) | 2.13 m
Width:
Depth:
Length:
89"-138" (7’5”-11’6”) | 225-350 cm
Withers Height (Shoulder)
62"-71" (5’2”-5’11”) | 157-180 cm
Weight:
990-1100 lb | 450-500 kg

Uses: Pack animal

Camelus bactrianus
Lifespan
20-40 years; 50 (wild)

Drawings include:
Bactrian Camel side elevation (standing), side (person), front, walking, lying down

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Updated on
Alpaca
39.0"-46.0" | 99-117 cm
Vicuña
49"-52" | 124-132 cm
Guanaco
57"-61" | 145-155 cm
Llama
67"-71" (5’7”-5’11”) | 1.7-1.8 m
Vicuña
60"-72" | 152-183 cm
Llama
72"-78" (6’-6’6”) | 1.8-2.0 m
Alpaca
48.0"-84.0" | 122-213 cm
Guanaco
82"-86" | 210-220 cm
Dromedary Camel
86"-134" (7’2”-11’2”) | 219-341 cm
Bactrian Camel
89"-138" (7’5”-11’6”) | 225-350 cm
Alpaca
32.0"-39.0" | 81-99 cm
Guanaco
39"-43" | 100-110 cm
Llama
48"-53" (4’-4’5”) | 1.2-1.3 m
Bactrian Camel
62"-71" (5’2”-5’11”) | 157-180 cm
Dromedary Camel
71"-78" (5’11”-6’6”) | 180-198 cm
Animals