Dairy cows are a type of cattle cow bred specifically for the production of greater quantities of milk used to make a range of common dairy products from cheeses, to yogurts, butters, ice cream, and sour cream. Increasingly specialized from beef cattle, dairy cows are raised in herds on dairy farms where they will spend between 2-4 years producing milk before being marketed for beef. Cattle are farmed for a variety of human products that include milk and beef, but also include leathers, fats, gelatins, and medicinal bi-products.
Knickers is an oversized Holstein steer in Western Australia that gained internet fame for its impressive size. Standing at 6’4” | 1.93 m and weighing an estimated 2,800 pounds | 1,270 kg, Knickers’ size is emphasized by his proximity to surrounding Wagyu cattle that average 4.5’ | 1.37 m tall.
Uses: Milk, meat (beef), leather, gelatin, medical products
Scientific Name: Bos taurus
Diary Cow standing side elevation, side (male farmer), front, side (laying down)
Sheep are stocky ruminant mammals of the Ovis genus. Sheep are known for their undercoats of fine wool which has led to them being domesticated for their fleeces. Sheep are seen as fundamental farming animals throughout the world and have a core livestock for many civilizations. A male sheep is referred to as a ram while a female is known as an ewe.
Domestic pigs, also referred to as swine or hogs, are stocky bodied hoofed animals that have developed for farming purposes as a subspecies of the wild boar. Raised around the world to provide valuable products for humans, domestic pigs are bred to be much larger than their ancestors in order to produce higher yields of meat (pork), lard, leather, glue, fertilizer, and samples for medical research. Naturally intelligent and social, domestic pigs are among the smartest of all domesticated animals and are often credited as being smarter than dogs.
Uses: Pork, lard, leather, glue, fertilizer, medicines
Scientific Name: Sus domesticus
Domestic Pig side elevation (standing), side (female farmer), front, side (laying down)
Donkeys, also known as asses or burros, are members of the horse family (Equidae) that are distinguished from horses by their stockier stature and floppy ears. With variations that include wild, feral, and domestic, donkeys are herd animals found around the world that are most commonly kept as beasts of burden that have assisted in the transportation of goods for thousands of years. On farms, donkeys are often bred as pets and for producing milk but they have also been found to act as guardians that help protect the other livestock. Male donkeys are called jacks, while female donkeys are known as jennies or jennets.
Uses: Milk, pack (transport), guardians
Scientific Name: Equus asinus
Donkey side elevation (standing), side (male farmer), front, side (laying down)