The Galapagos Giant Tortoise, also referred to as the Galapagos tortoise, inhabits only two remote archipelagos: the Galapagos Islands 1000 km west of mainland Ecuador, and Aldabra in the Indian Ocean, 700 km east of Tanzania. They are the largest living species of tortoise, with tortoises on islands with humid highlands being larger with domed shells and short necks. Tortoises on islands with dry lowlands tend to be smaller. Distinguishing characteristics include a large bony shell of a dull brown or gray color that can hold its head, neck, and fore limbs when drawn back for protection. The Galapagos tortoise is an herbivore that consumes a diet of cacti, grasses, leaves, lichens, berries, oranges, and milkweed.
Galápagos Giant Tortoise side elevation, side (person), side (walking), front, plan
Brachiosaurus was an extremely tall dinosaur that lived during the Late Jurassic period (154-153 Mya). Built for browsing for foliage high above the ground surface, Brachiosaurus is characterized by its long neck and body, small head, and larger forelimbs than hindlimbs. Brachiosaurus has a height of 31’-43’ | 9.4-13 m and a body length of 59’-69’ | 18-21 m.
Period: Late Jurassic (154-153 million years ago)
Scientific Name: Brachiosaurus
Brachiosaurus side elevation, front, back, plan
Stegosaurus was a Late Jurassic (155-150 Mya) herbivorous quadrupedal dinosaur known for its array of upright plates on its back and strong spiked tail. Heavily built with short limbs, a small head, and large body, Stegosaurus was a defensive dinosaur that likely foraged for twigs and low hanging fruits. Stegosaurus has a body length of 30’ | 9.1 m and a height of 14’ | 4.3 m.
The Saltwater Crocodile, also known as the estuarine crocodile, Indo-Pacific crocodile, marine crocodile, sea crocodile, and saltie, is one of the largest living crocodiles. It is native to saltwater habitats and brackish wetlands including India’s east coast across Southeast Asia and the Sundaic region to northern Australia and Micronesia. The saltwater crocodile was hunted for its skin up until the 1970s, and today it is listed as least concern on the IUCN Red List. The species are hypercarnivorous apex predators, and they can overtake almost any animal that enters their territory. Saltwater crocodiles range in color with some retaining pale skin, while others may be so dark to appear black.
Saltwater Crocodile side elevation, side (person), plan