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Basketball is a team sport in which two teams of five players score points by shooting (throwing) a ball through an elevated hoop located on either side of the rectangular court. To advance the ball down the court, players must bounce the ball (dribble) or pass it to a teammate. Points can be earned by shooting a three-pointer (behind the three-point line), a two-point field goal (anywhere not beyond the three-pointer), or a one-point foul shot (after the referee determines a foul). Basketball requires considerable skills related to teamwork, accuracy, ball handling, speed, agility, size and strength. Basketball has become one of the world’s most popular sports.

Basketball Court

Size (Overall): 94’ x 50’ | 28.65 x 15.24 m
Area (Court): 4,700 ft2 | 436.64 m2
Baskets: 4’ | 122 cm from perimeter, 10’ | 305 cm high
Three-point Arc: 23’9” | 7.24 m, 22’ | 6.7 m corners
Free-Throw Line: 15’ | 4.57 m from basket
Center Circle: 12’ | 366 cm diameter
Material (Indoor): Polished wood, usually maple
Material (Outdoor): Paving, concrete, asphalt

Basketball courts come in different sizes based on the level and type of basketball being played. A professional NBA court is 94’ x 50’ | 28.65 x 15.24 m. Courts are comprised of several foundational components: the baskets, the three-point arcs, free-throw (foul) lines, and the half court line. Indoor courts are usually made with polished wood (often maple), while outdoor courts are typically made from paving, concrete, or asphalt.
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Basketball Hoop & Backboard

Rim Height: 10’ | 3.05 m
Rim Diameter: 18” | 46 cm
Backboard Height: 42” | 110 cm
Backboard Width: 72” | 183 cm
Backboard Area: 21 ft2 | 1.95 m2
Inner Backboard Rectangle: 18”x 24” | 46 x 61 cm
Material (Backboard): Plexiglas, tempered glass
Material (Rim): High tensile carbon steel (5/8” diam.)

In basketball, the basket is comprised of a hoop (net) attached to a flat backboard (vertical glass board). Regulation basketball hoops are suspended 10’ | 3.05 m from the playing surface and have a standard rim diameter of 18” | 46 cm. The vertical backboard surface is made of plexiglass or tempered glass to prevent shattering and is sized at 42” x 72” | 110 x 183 cm. Basketball rims are manufactured from high tensile carbon steel to provide the ball with the correct amount of bounce while also having give for players that can dunk.
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Circumference: 29.5” | 74.9 cm
Diameter: 9.43”-9.51” | 24-24.2 cm.
Pressure: 7.5-8.5 PSI
Weight: 22 ounces (maximum)
Material (Indoor): Full-grain leather
Material (Outdoor): Rubber

Basketball sizes come in variations for different ages, genders, and level of play. The official NBA and competitive professional basketball is 29.5” | 74.9 cm in circumference with a diameter between 9.43”-9.51” | 24-24.2 cm. Professional basketballs must be inflated to a pressure between 7.5-8.5 PSI and cannot exceed the maximum weight of 22 ounces.
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