Ice hockey is a team sport played on skates in which two teams of six players compete by using sticks to shoot a puck into the opponent’s goal to score points. Games occur within the confines of an ice rink and the sport is known for its fast-paced play and physical high-contact style. Teams consist of a goalie (goaltender), two defensemen, a right and left wing, and a center. An ice hockey game is made up of three periods of twenty minutes. Ice hockey is a popular sport in countries known for winter sports with the National Hockey League (NHL) in North America being the strongest league in the world.
International ice hockey rinks are used for international competitions, such as the Olympics, and for play in Europe. Compared to North American ice hockey dimensions, International rinks are larger in width by 13.1’ | 4 m. International ice hockey rinks measure 200.13’ | 61 m in length, 98.42’ | 30 m in width, and have corner radii of 27.88’ | 8.5 m. The total area of an International ice hockey rink is 19,000 ft2 | 1,765 m2.
The rink is further divided up by the blue lines at 28.98’ | 8.83 m from center and the goal lines 13.1’ | 4 m from the side boards. There are also nine faceoff spots on an ice hockey rink: one center faceoff, four in the neutral zone and four in the end zones. All faceoff circles have a diameter of 29.5’ | 9 m and spot diameter of 2’ | .6 m except for the center faceoff which is 1’ | .3 m. The end zone faceoffs are centered at 22’ | 6.7 m from the goal lines and the neutral zone faceoffs are 5’ | 1.5 m from the blue lines. The goal creases in front of the goals are 12’ | 3.66 m diameter.
Length: 200.13’ | 61 m
Width: 98.42’ | 30 m
Corner Radius: 27.88’ | 8.5 m
Area: 19,000 ft2 | 1,765 m2
Blue Lines (from center): 28.98’ | 8.83 m
Goal Line (from boards): 13.1’ | 4 m
Goal Crease: 12’ | 3.66 m diameter
Faceoff Spots (Center): 1’ | .3 m
Faceoff Spots: 2’ | .6 m
Faceoff Circles: 29.5’ | 9 m
Faceoff (Neutral Zone from blue line): 5’ | 1.5 m
Faceoff (End Zone from goal line): 22’ | 6.7 m
Referee’s Crease: 19.75’ | 6 m diameter
International Ice Hockey Rink plan
Ice hockey goals are placed on each end of the ice rink and are used for scoring points. To score a goal, the entire hockey puck must cross the goal that is being defended by the goalie (goalkeeper). For professional ice hockey, the opening of a goal is 72” | 180 cm wide, 48” | 120 cm high, and 40” | 100 cm deep. This opening is held rigid by a metal tube frame that is roughly 2” | 5 cm in diameter to the outside of the goal opening and is enclosed by a cloth net with a mesh opening size of 1 5/8” | 4.1 cm.
Width (Inside): 72” | 180 cm
Height (Inside): 48” | 120 cm
Depth: 40” | 100 cm
Net Mesh Size: 1 5/8” | 4.1 cm
Poles (Diameter): 2” | 5 cm
Materials: Metal frame, cloth net mesh
Ice hockey goal elevation, elevation (goalie), side