Baseball

Baseball is a competitive sport where two opposing teams take turns batting and fielding a ball with the goal to score the most runs by the end of the game. The game is played when the pitcher from the fielding (defensive) team throws the baseball to a player on the batting (offensive) team who attempts to hit it with a bat. Runs (points) are scored when players on the batting team successfully hit the baseball into play and run counter-clockwise around the bases until they score by reaching home plate.

It is the goal of the defensive team to keep the offensive team from running the bases by striking them out at bat, by catching the ball when it is hit into play, or by fielding and tagging a base with the ball before the runner arrives. Each team takes turns batting and fielding every three outs. The game ends after each team has played the decided amount of innings (usually nine). In North America, professional baseball is organized by Major League Baseball (MLB).

Common Questions

When was baseball invented?
The modern game of baseball was established by the Knickerbocker Baseball Club in New York City in 1845 though variants of similar games have existed since the 18th century in the form of cricket and rounders.
Where is baseball primarily played?
Often called America’s pastime, baseball is also well established in Canada, Latin America, the Netherlands, Australia, and Japan.
How far was the longest home run in history?
The longest home run ever is estimated to be 643’ | 196 m and was hit by Mickey Mantle in 1960.

Baseball

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Baseball

Baseball Strike Zone
Diagram drawing of the boundaries of a Baseball Strike Zone with player, umpire, and catcher

The strike zone in baseball refers to the volume of space which a ball must pass through to be called a ‘strike’ (if the batter doesn’t swing). If the baseball does not pass through this zone it will be called a ‘ball.’ Official strike zones are calculated as the space between the width of home-plate, 17” | 43.18 cm, up to the midpoint between a batter’s shoulders and uniform pants when in their stance, and extending down to just below their kneecaps. The home-plate umpire determines balls and strikes after every pitch thrown.

The strike zone in baseball refers to the volume of space which a ball must pass through to be called a ‘strike’ (if the batter doesn’t swing). If the baseball does not pass through this zone it will be called a ‘ball.’
Baseball Strike Zone

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Width: 17” | 43.18 cm

Top: Midpoint between top of shoulders and top of pants
Bottom: A point just below the kneecap

Area for 6.5’ player: 3.75 ft2
Area for 6’ player: 3.5 ft2
Area for 5.5’ player: 3.25 ft2

Drawings include:
Baseball Strike Zone front elevation (player)

Details & Downloads
Major League Baseball Field
Drawing of the major dimensions of a Professional | Major League Baseball Field

Professional Major League Baseball Fields, also called ballparks and baseball diamonds, are regulated fields for the sport of baseball. Although minimum park dimensions are defined for Major League Baseball, each ballpark is allowed to design their fence any way they want while meeting the minimum distances. In Major League Baseball, the centerfield fence must be at least 400’ | 121.9 m from the apex of home plate, while the left and right field fences have a minimum of 325’ | 99 m. The bases on a Major League Baseball Field are spaced 90’ | 27.4 m apart measured from the apex of home plate to the farthest corner of 1st and 3rd bases, and from the same farthest corner of 1st and 3rd to the center of 2nd base. The pitching distance from the front of the pitching rubber to the apex of home plate is set at 60’ 6” | 18.44 m.

Major League Baseball Fields, also called ballparks and baseball diamonds, are regulated fields for the sport of baseball. In Major League Baseball, the centerfield fence must be at least 400’ | 121.9 m from the apex of home plate, while the left and right field fences have a minimum of 325’ | 99 m.
Major League Baseball Field

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Centerfield Fence: 400’ | 121.9 m (min.)
Left & Right Field Fence: 320’-350’ | 97.5-106.7 m (min.)
Base Distance: 90’ | 27.4 m
Infield Arc Radius (from pitching rubber): 95’ | 28.9 m
Infield Hypotenuse: 127' 3-3/8” | 38.8 m
Pitching Rubber Distance: 60’ 6” | 18.44 m
Mound Distance (Center): 59’ | 18 m
Mound Radius: 9’ | 2.7 m
Home Plate Radius: 13’ | 3.96 m
Base Cutout Radius: 13’ | 3.96 m
Baseline Width: 6’ | 1.8 m
Distance to Backstop: 60’ | 18.3 m
Coaches Box: 20’ x 10’ | 6.1 x 3 m

Drawings include:
Professional | Major League Baseball Field plan

Details & Downloads
Softball Field
Measured drawing of the sizes and dimensions of a standard Softball Field

Softball Fields are regulated playing fields for the sport of softball. A variant of baseball, softball is played with a larger ball and a faster pace due to the shorter distances on the field. In softball, the centerfield, right, and left fences must be 250’ | 76.2 m from the apex of home plate. The bases on a Softball Field are spaced 60’ | 18.3 m apart measured from the apex of home plate to the farthest corner of 1st and 3rd bases, and from the same farthest corner of 1st and 3rd to the center of 2nd base. The pitching distance from the front of the pitching rubber to the apex of home plate is set at 50’ | 15.2 m.

Softball Fields are regulated playing fields for the sport of softball. A variant of baseball, softball is played with a larger ball and a faster pace due to the shorter distances on the field. In softball, the centerfield, right, and left fences must be 250’ | 76.2 m from the apex of home plate.
Softball Field

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Centerfield Fence: 250’ | 76.2 m (min.)
Left & Right Field Fence: 250’ | 76.2 m (min.)
Base Distance: 60’ | 18.3 m
Infield Hypotenuse: 84’ 10-1/4” | 25.9 m
Pitching Rubber Distance: 50’ | 15.2 m
Distance to Backstop: 25’ | 7.6 m
Coaches Box: 10’ x 3’ | 3 x .9 m

Drawings include:
Softball Field plan

Details & Downloads
Little League Baseball Field
Drawing with measurements and sizes of an official Little League Baseball Field

Little League Baseball Fields are regulated playing fields for youth baseball. In Little League Baseball, the centerfield, right, and left fences are set at 200’ | 60.96 m from the apex of home plate. The bases on a Little League Baseball Field are spaced 60’ | 18.3 m apart measured from the apex of home plate to the farthest corner of 1st and 3rd bases, and from the same farthest corner of 1st and 3rd to the center of 2nd base. The pitching distance from the front of the pitching rubber to the apex of home plate is set at 46’ | 14 m.

Little League Baseball Fields are regulated playing fields for youth baseball. In Little League Baseball, the centerfield, right, and left fences are set at 200’ | 60.96 m from the apex of home plate. The bases on a Little League Baseball Field are spaced 60’ | 18.3 m apart.
Little League Baseball Field

*Under Development*

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Centerfield Fence: 200’ | 60.96 m (min.)
Left & Right Field Fence: 200’ | 60.96 m (min.)
Base Distance: 60’ | 18.3 m
Infield Arc Radius (from pitching rubber): 50’ | 15.2 m
Infield Hypotenuse: 84’ 10-1/4” | 25.9 m
Pitching Rubber Distance: 46’ | 14 m
Mound Distance (Center): 45’ | 13.7 m
Mound Radius: 5’ | 1.5 m
Home Plate Radius: 10’ | 3 m
Base Cutout Radius: 9’ | 2.7 m
Baseline Width: 4’ | 1.2 m
Distance to Backstop: 25’ | 7.6 m
Coaches Box: 8’ x 4’ | 2.4 x 1.2 m

Drawings include:
Little League Baseball Field plan

Details & Downloads

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