Table Tennis | Ping Pong

Table tennis, also popularly called ping-pong, is a table sport where players use paddles (rackets) to hit a lightweight polymer ball over a central net. Played on a hard table surface that provides a uniform bounce to the ball, table tennis is a fast paced game that requires players to react quickly to the services and returns made by their opponents.

Points are score when a player does not return the ball across the net after a single bounce has occurred on their side of the table or if they themselves do not land the ball on the opposite surface. Ping-pong is a worldwide sport that can be played competitively in both two player (singles) or four player (doubles) formats.

Common Questions

Who invented ping pong?
Ping Pong (table tennis) was invented as a parlor game trademarked by the English firm of J. Jacques and Son in the 1880s. The game quickly grew in popularity and spread to the United States, Europe, and Asia over the next few decades.
How do you play ping pong?
Ping pong (table tennis) is played by first serving the ball across the net while bouncing it once on the service side of the table. Points are scored when a player fails to return the ball across the net after only one bounce on their side of the table. Service alternates between players after every two points. Ping pong games are commonly played to 21 or 11 points.
How do you score ping pong?
Ping pong (table tennis) games are played to either 21 points in casual games, or 11 points in competitive games. Games must be won by two points.

Table Tennis | Ping Pong

Sports

Table Tennis | Ping Pong

Ping Pong Balls
Drawing with dimensions for diameter and circumference of a Table Tennis | Ping Pong ball with three-stars

Table Tennis | Ping pong balls are spherical polymer balls fabricated specifically for the sport. Established under international rules at a diameter of 1.57” | 40 mm (circumference of 4.94” | 125.6 mm) and mass of .095 oz| 2.7 g, ping pong balls are colored as either white or orange depending on the table surface and game style. White balls are official tournament balls and pair well with blue or green tables, while orange balls are used for casual games as they are easier to see in most settings. Table tennis balls are rated with a star system to denote quality—one star being the softest and easiest to break while three stars is the most durable and approved for tournament play. The official table ping pong ball has changed over the years from a composition of celluloid to polymer and from a size of 1.5” | 38 mm to 1.57” | 40 mm.

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Table Tennis | Ping pong balls are spherical polymer balls fabricated at a diameter of 1.57” | 40 mm (circumference of 4.94” | 125.6 mm) and mass of .095 oz| 2.7 g. White balls are official tournament balls, while orange balls are used for casual games as they are easier to see in most settings.
Ping Pong Balls

*Under Development*

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Diameter: 1.57” | 40 mm
Circumference: 4.94” | 125.6 mm
Mass: .095 oz | 2.7 g
Material: Polymer (previously celluloid)
Color: White or orange

Drawings include:
Table Tennis | Ping Pong Ball plan/elevation

Details & Downloads
Table Tennis Rackets | Paddles
Drawing of a standard Table Tennis | Ping Pong racket, or paddle, with dimensions for height and width

Table Tennis | Ping Pong Paddles are laminated rubber sponge covered wooden rackets comprised of a blade and a handle. The ping pong blade refers to the upper wooden portion of the racket that is built up with one to seven layers (piles) of wood, cork, glass fiber, carbon fiber, aluminum fiber, and Kevlar customized for various play styles. Players looking for more ‘control’ of the ball should choose a thinner sponge thickness between .06”-.07” | 1.5-1.9 mm, while players looking for a more offensive play style should select a thicker sponge of larger than .08” | 2.0 mm. Table tennis | ping pong paddles have an average blade length of 6.7” | 17 cm, an average blade width of 5.9” | 15 cm, an overall length between 9.45”-10.25” | 240-260 mm, and weigh in the range of 2.47-3.53 oz | 70-100 g (overall).

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Table Tennis Rackets | Paddles has a width of and height of .
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Table Tennis | Ping Pong Paddles are laminated rubber sponge covered wooden rackets comprised of a blade and a handle. Ping pong paddles have an average blade length of 6.7” | 17 cm, an average blade width of 5.9” | 15 cm, and an overall length between 9.45”-10.25” | 240-260 mm.
Table Tennis Rackets | Paddles

*Under Development*

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Blade Length (Average): 6.7” | 17 cm
Blade Width (Average): 5.9” | 15 cm
Sponge Thickness: .06”-.1” | 1.5-2.5 mm
Length (Overall): 9.45”-10.25” | 24-26 cm
Handle Length: 3.75”-3.93” | 9.6-10 cm
Handle Width: 1”-1.3” | 26.5-33 mm
Handle Depth: .85”-.91” | 21.8-23 mm
Weight: 2.47-3.53 oz | 70-100 g
Material: Wooden racket, rubber laminated surface

Drawings include:
Table Tennis | Ping Pong Racket | Paddle plan

Details & Downloads
Table Tennis Clearances
Drawing with dimensions for the minimum side and end clearances required around a Table Tennis | Ping Pong Table

Table Tennis | Ping Pong tables require varying minimum additional amounts of clearance space around the table depending on the play style and venue. Ranging from minimum casual clearances to recreational, local, national, and international settings, table tennis clearances are established to avoid distractions and obstacles and to accommodate player movement. Minimum clearances for table tennis tables are set at an additional 5’ | 1.53 m from the end, 3’ | .9 m from the sides, and result in overall clearance dimensions of 19’x11’ | 5.8 m x 3.4 m (209 ft2 | 19.4 m2). Recreational style venues should have overall clearances of 28’x13’ | 8.5 m x 4 m (364 ft2 | 33.8 m2). International tournaments are regulated at minimum overall clearances of 46’x23’ | 14 m x 7 m (1,058 ft2 | 98.3 m2).

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Illustration of various required side and end clearances and room sizes required for Table Tennis | Ping Pong
Table Tennis | Ping Pong tables require varying minimum clearance spaces around the table to accommodate player movement. Minimum clearances for tables are set at 5’ | 1.53 m from the end, 3’ | .9 m from the sides, and result in overall dimensions of 19’ x 11’ | 5.8 m x 3.4 m (209 ft2 | 19.4 m2).
Illustration of various required side and end clearances and room sizes required for Table Tennis | Ping Pong
Table Tennis Clearances

*Under Development*

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Minimum:
End Clearance: 5’ | 1.53 m
Side Clearance: 3’ | .9 m
Overall Length: 19’ | 5.8 m
Overall Width: 11’ | 3.4 m
Overall Area: 209 ft2 | 19.4 m2

Recreational Play:
Overall Length: 28’ | 8.5 m
Overall Width: 13’ | 4 m
Overall Area: 364 ft2 | 33.8 m2

International Tournament:
Overall Length: 46’ | 14 m
Overall Width: 23’ | 7 m

Overall Area: 1,058 ft2 | 98.3 m2

Drawings include:
Table Tennis | Ping Pong Clearances plan (minimum), plan (recreational), plan (tournament)

Details & Downloads
Table Tennis Tables
Plan drawing of a standard regulation Table Tennis | Ping Pong Table with dimensions for width and length

Table tennis tables are regulated playing surfaces designed specifically for the game of table tennis (ping-pong). Table tennis tables measure 9’ | 2.74 m long by 5’ | 1.525 m in wide. The playing surface of a ping-pong table must be set at a height of 2.5’ | 76 cm and is equipped with a center net that is 6” | 15.25 cm high and stretches 6” | 15.25 cm beyond the width of the table.

Tables can be constructed out of a variety of materials ranging from common designs using plywood and/or particle-board to more exotic variants made of concrete, metal, plastic or fiber-glass. The materiality of a table tennis table is a matter of preference, but the bounce of the ball on the surface should be uniform at a height of 9.1” | 23 cm when dropped at a height of 11.8” | 30 cm.

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Table Tennis Tables has a width of and height of .
The Table Tennis Tables has a height of , width of , and a depth of . The Table Tennis Tables was released in .
Elevation drawings with dimensions of a Table Tennis | Ping-Pong Table measuring length, height, and net height with players
Table tennis tables are regulated playing surfaces designed specifically for the game of table tennis (ping-pong). Table tennis tables measure 9’ | 2.74 m long by 5’ | 1.525 m in wide. The playing surface of a ping-pong table must be set at a height of 2.5’ | 76 cm.
Elevation drawings with dimensions of a Table Tennis | Ping-Pong Table measuring length, height, and net height with players
Table Tennis Tables

*Under Development*

Height:
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Length: 9’ | 2.74 m
Width: 5’ | 1.525 m
Height (Surface): 2.5’ | 76 cm
Height (Net): 6” | 15.25 cm
Net Width Overhang: 6” | 15.25 cm
Height (Bounce): 9.1” | 23 cm from 11.8” | 30 cm
Materials: Plywood, particle-board, concrete, metal, plastic, fiber-glass

Drawings include:
Table Tennis | Ping-Pong Table side elevation, side (players), front, front (players), plan

Details & Downloads

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