Elephants are the largest existing land mammals and can be found in Africa and Asia. Elephants used to be a common animal, but their species have been severely depleted due to poaching for their ivory tusks. Female elephants live in groups with other females and their calves and are led by one matriarch. Male elephants tend to live alone, interacting only with the groups of females for mating season. Elephants have the largest gestation term of any mammal, with the mothers carrying their young for 22 months before giving birth.
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Elephants are the largest land mammals on Earth. These herbivorous animals are identified by their unique features such as their long trunks for breathing, gathering water, and grabbing objects, ivory tusks used as weapons and tools for foraging, and large ears that flap to control body temperature. Elephants tend to stay near bodies of water and various species have adapted to savannahs, forests, deserts and marsh environments. Though elephants are listed as both vulnerable and endangered today, when protected in the wild they can live up to 70 years.