Snake Plants, also known as mother-in-law's tongue, are densely packed evergreen plants with stiff vertical leaves. Architecturally shaped, snake plants are popular indoor houseplants due to their low-effort maintenance, pronounced graphic character, and air purifying characteristics that help combat ‘sick building syndrome.’ Indoor snake plants typically grow to heights between 2’-4’ | .6-1.2 m, though it is not uncommon to have snake plants grow upwards of 6’-8’ | 1.8-2.4 m. The leaves of snake plants vary between species, but most have dark green leaves with yellow-green banding and widths of 2”-2.5” | 5–6 cm.
Height (Typical): 2’-4’ | .6-1.2 m (indoor)
Height (Maximum): 6’-8’ | 1.8-2.4 m
Leaf Width: 2”-2.5” | 5–6 cm
Appearance: Stiff vertical leaves, dark green with yellow-green banding
Climate: Tropical, subtropical
Care: Indirect steady light, dry soil, warm environments
Scientific Name: Sansevieria trifasciata
Snake Plants front elevation (multiple)
The Split-Leaf Philodendron, also known as the ‘Swiss cheese’ plant and Monstera deliciosa, is a popular and captivating tropical plant known for its large heart-shaped leaves and rapid widespread growth. Preferring high humidity and moderate to bright light, the split-leaf philodendron is a dependable and sturdy indoor plant cultivated in tropical, subtropical, and temperate environments. The split-leaf philodendron commonly grows to a height between 3’-4’ | .91-1.2 m indoors and can grow up to 30’ | 9 m in the wild. Philodendron leaves spread out with age to a width that may double the height.
Height (Typical): 3’-4’ | .91-1.2 m (indoor)
Height (Maximum): 30’ | 9 m (wild)
Spread: 4’ | 1.2 m; 1-2x spread to height ratio on age
Appearance: Large, glossy, perforated evergreen leaves
Climate: Tropical, subtropical, temperate
Care: Moderate to bright light, moist soil, humidity preferred
Scientific Name: Philodendron bipinnatifidum
Split-Leaf Philodendron front elevation (multiple plants)
Fiddle-Leaf Figs, scientifically known as Ficus lyrata, are tall upright tropical ficus plants with variable large and broad violin-shaped leaves. Often grown indoors as houseplants, fiddle-leaf figs should be potted in containers and repotted yearly as their roots grow. Fiddle-leaf figs grow up to 40’-50’ | 12-15 m outdoors, but commonly have heights between 3’-5’ | .9-1.5 m when maintained as houseplants.
Height (Typical): 3’-5’ | .9-1.5 m; up to 10’ | 3 m (indoor)
Height (Maximum): 40’-50’ | 12-15 m
Leaf Width: 10”-12” | 25-30 cm
Leaf Length: 15”-18” | 37-45 cm
Appearance: Tall upright plant, large and broad violin-shaped leaves
Climate: Tropical, subtropical, temperate
Care: Bright filtered light, moist soil, warm environment
Scientific Name: Ficus lyrata
Fiddle-Leaf Fig front elevations (multiple)
Paddle Plants, scientifically known as Kalanchoe luciae, is a stocky succulent with round paddle shaped leaves. Found naturally in Zimbabwe, Mozambique, South Africa, and Swaziland, the edges of the paddle plant become tinged with pink when stressed with direct sunlight and cool temperatures. Paddle plants are easy to maintain in indoor environments due to their drought resistant properties and preference for bright light, average humidity levels, and dry (or medium moist) well-drained soils. Paddle plants grow to heights between 1’-2’ | 30-60 cm with spring blooming stalks of 2’-3’ | 60-90 cm. Paddle plants should only be watered when the soil has completely dried out.
Height (Typical): 1’-2’ | 30-60 cm
Height (Maximum): 2’-3’ | 60-90 cm stalk (spring bloom)
Leaf Width: 6”-8” | 15-20 cm
Leaf Length: 8” | 20 cm
Appearance: Thick, stocky, fleshy, round/paddle shaped leaves
Climate: Desert (Succulent)
Care: Bright light, average humidity, dry to medium moisture well-drained soil
Scientific Name: Kalanchoe luciae
Paddle Plants front elevation (multiple)
Peace lilies, of the Spathiphyllum genus, are tropical evergreen perennials with white blooms and lance shaped glossy green leaves. Popular as an easy-going houseplant that removes pollutants from the air, the peace lily will bloom in the spring with proper care and light. If you have small children or household animals such as dogs or cats, keep the plant away from reach as the leaves of the peace lily contain calcium oxalate which is poisonous in large amounts. Peace lilies are happy in well-lit areas with non-direct light, semi-humid environments (mist occasionally), and moist well-draining soil. Peace lilies typically grow to a height of 24”-40” | .9-1.5 m with larger variants growing up to 32”-50” | 81-127 cm.
Height (Typical): 24”-40” | .9-1.5 m
Height (Deluxe): 32”-50” | 81-127 cm
Leaf Width: 3”-10” | 3-25 cm
Leaf Length: 5”-25” | 12-65 cm
Appearance: Glossy lance shaped leaves, white lily flowers
Care: Well-lit non-direct light, humid environments, moist well-drained soil
Scientific Name: Spathiphyllum
Peace Lily elevation (multiple heights)
Indoor potted cacti grow in a myriad of strange, unique, and wonderful shapes and sizes and add low-maintenance personality to any space. Easy to grow indoors, the only attention that a cactus needs is the provision of bright light and fast draining soil. Cacti can grow as a single stem and over time may grow multiple stems and arms within a single pot. These common desert houseplants can thrive in indoor environments and may even boast beautiful flowing blooms in the right conditions.