Escalators

Escalators, or moving staircases, are continuously circulating motorized stairways that move people between floors of a building. Often used in conjunction with elevators, or in situations where elevators would be impractical, escalators provide a convenient, efficient, and comfortable means of travel for people needing to ascend or descend through limited sets of building levels—with five or six floors being a functional limit.

Unlike elevators, escalators require no waiting time for use as they continue to move at a constant speed. If an escalator breaks down, loses power, or ceases to function, the escalator can still be used as a normal staircase in most scenarios. Escalators are often used in retail stores, shopping malls, airports, transit centers, convention centers, arenas and stadiums, hotels, public buildings, and can also be detailed with weatherproofing for outdoor use.

Common Questions

* Under Development *

Escalators
Escalators are a form of vertical building transportation designed as a staircase that moves with the assistance of a motor-driven mechanism. Escalators are used to connect floors with an angle of rise between 30°-35°. The escalator must also provide space for a lower zone of mechanical equipment.
Drawing of an Escalator with dimensions showing required height clearances, lengths, and depths
Escalators are a form of vertical building transportation designed as a staircase that moves with the assistance of a motor-driven mechanism. Escalators are used to connect floors with an angle of rise between 30°-35°. The escalator must also provide space for a lower zone of mechanical equipment.
Escalators

*Under Development*

Angle of Rise: 30°-35°
Height (Handrail):
3’ | .91 m
Clearance (Headroom): 7’6” | 2.29 m minimum
Landing Length (Bottom): 7’6” | 2.29 m
Landing Length (Top): 8’ | 2.44 m
Depth (Truss): 3’8” | 1.12 m

Details & Downloads
Moving Walkways
Moving walkways, or moving sidewalks, conveyors or travelators, are motorized continuously moving horizontal or low-inclined surfaces that transport people over short to medium distances. Easy to use by either standing or walking, moving walkways are commonly used spaces for human commuting.
Side elevation drawing of a Moving Walkway with dimensions and people for scale
Moving walkways, or moving sidewalks, conveyors or travelators, are motorized continuously moving horizontal or low-inclined surfaces that transport people over short to medium distances. Easy to use by either standing or walking, moving walkways are commonly used spaces for human commuting.
Moving Walkways

*Under Development*

Length: Customizable as desired
Height (Handrail):
3’ | .91 m
Depth (Truss):
3’6” | 1.07 m

Details & Downloads
Escalator & Moving Walkway Widths
The widths of escalators and moving walkways can be adjusted to meet various demands of pedestrian traffic, use, travel speed, and distance. When calibrating the appropriate width of an escalator or moving walkway, three standard design widths for use are 24”, 32”, 40” | 61, 82, 102 cm.

Illustration of escalator widths of various dimensioned sizes with people for scale
The widths of escalators and moving walkways can be adjusted to meet various demands of pedestrian traffic, use, travel speed, and distance. When calibrating the appropriate width of an escalator or moving walkway, three standard design widths for use are 24”, 32”, 40” | 61, 82, 102 cm.

Escalator & Moving Walkway Widths

*Under Development*

Width (Stairs/Walkway): 24”, 32”, 40” | 61, 82, 102 cm
Width (Deck): 4’, 4’8”, 5’4” | 122, 142, 163 cm
Width (General): 32”, 40”, 48” | 82, 102, 122 cm
Height (Escalator Deck): 3’8” | 112 cm
Height (Walkway Deck): 3’6” | 107 cm

Details & Downloads
Single Discontinuous Escalators
Collection of drawings of the front, side, and plan of Single Discontinuous Escalators
Single discontinuous escalators are stacked escalators that connect levels in a single direction. This strategy works best when space is limited, but the one-way traffic is not efficient for people who want to travel quickly between levels.
Single discontinuous escalators are stacked escalators that connect levels in a single direction. This strategy works best when space is limited, but the one-way traffic is not efficient for people who want to travel quickly between levels.
Single Discontinuous Escalators

*Under Development*

Direction: Single, one-way
Circulation: Slow, indirect
Uses:
Small department stores, retail centers

Details & Downloads
Single Continuous Escalators
Elevation drawings of the side, front, and plan of a Single Continuous Escalator configuration between three levels
Single continuous escalators provide connections to subsequent building levels by connecting them directing with one-way circulation. Unlike discontinuous layouts, continuous designs provide users with quick and efficient vertical circulation between multiple levels.
Single continuous escalators provide connections to subsequent building levels by connecting them directing with one-way circulation. Unlike discontinuous layouts, continuous designs provide users with quick and efficient vertical circulation between multiple levels.
Single Continuous Escalators

*Under Development*

Direction: One-way, single vertical direction
Circulation: Efficient, fast, direct
Uses:
Small department stores, commercial retail

Details & Downloads
Single Crossing Escalators
Drawings of Single Crossing Escalators showing their arrangements from the side, front, and plan views
Crossing escalator arrangements provide the most efficient and continuous movement of people by separating each direction of travel into an individual uninterrupted path. Crisscrossing escalators should be considered when space planning and productivity are critical design objectives.
Crossing escalator arrangements provide the most efficient and continuous movement of people by separating each direction of travel into an individual uninterrupted path. Crisscrossing escalators should be considered when space planning and productivity are critical design objectives.
Single Crossing Escalators

*Under Development*

Direction: Crossing two-way
Circulation: Efficient, fast, direct
Uses:
Large department stores, office buildings, public transport

Details & Downloads
Paired Discontinuous Escalators
Collection of drawings illustrating the front, side, and plan of a Paired Discontinuous set of Escalators
Paired discontinuous escalators are stacked parallel escalators that connect levels in both directions. Like single discontinuous escalators but with an adjacent escalator traveling in the opposite direction, this strategy is not efficient for people looking to travel quickly between levels.
Paired discontinuous escalators are stacked parallel escalators that connect levels in both directions. Like single discontinuous escalators but with an adjacent escalator traveling in the opposite direction, this strategy is not efficient for people looking to travel quickly between levels.
Paired Discontinuous Escalators

*Under Development*

Direction: Parallel two-way
Circulation: Slow, indirect
Uses:
Small department stores, retail centers, public transport

Details & Downloads
Paired Continuous Escalators
Drawings illustrating Paired Continuous Escalators in side, front, and plan views
Paired continuous escalator systems combine two sets of single continuous escalator systems side-by-side. Though inefficient in space planning, this system creates a consolidated and functional destination within a floorpan that allows direct access to multiple floors.
Paired continuous escalator systems combine two sets of single continuous escalator systems side-by-side. Though inefficient in space planning, this system creates a consolidated and functional destination within a floorpan that allows direct access to multiple floors.
Paired Continuous Escalators

*Under Development*

Direction: Parallel two-way
Circulation: Efficient, fast, direct
Uses:
Large department stores, office buildings, public transport

Details & Downloads