Escalators

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Escalators

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Single Discontinuous Escalators
Collection of drawings of the front, side, and plan of Single Discontinuous Escalators

Single discontinuous escalators are stacked escalators that connect levels in a single direction. This strategy works best when space is limited, but the one-way traffic is not efficient for people who want to travel quickly between levels. Single discontinuous escalators are generally used in small department stores and retail centers where the non-continuous arrangement encourages customers to slow down and explore more of the store. This discontinuous strategy can also be used with paired escalators.

Single discontinuous escalators are stacked escalators that connect levels in a single direction. This strategy works best when space is limited, but the one-way traffic is not efficient for people who want to travel quickly between levels.

Single Discontinuous Escalators
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Direction: Single, one-way
Circulation: Slow, indirect
Uses:
Small department stores, retail centers

Drawings include:
Single Discontinuous Escalators side elevation, front, plan

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Paired Discontinuous Escalators
Collection of drawings illustrating the front, side, and plan of a Paired Discontinuous set of Escalators

Paired discontinuous escalators are stacked parallel banks of escalators that connect levels in both directions. Like single discontinuous escalators, but with a second adjacent escalator traveling in the opposite direction, this strategy is not efficient for people looking to travel quickly between levels as the circulation requires the user to travel to the opposite landing to continue moving vertically. Paired discontinuous escalators are generally used in small department stores and retail centers where the arrangement requires that customers spend more time inside the retail space.

Paired discontinuous escalators are stacked parallel escalators that connect levels in both directions. Like single discontinuous escalators but with an adjacent escalator traveling in the opposite direction, this strategy is not efficient for people looking to travel quickly between levels.

Paired Discontinuous Escalators
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Direction: Parallel two-way
Circulation: Slow, indirect
Uses:
Small department stores, retail centers, public transport

Drawings include:
Paired Discontinuous Escalators side elevation, front, plan

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Escalators

Escalators are a form of vertical building transportation designed as a staircase that moves with the assistance of a motor-driven mechanism. Escalators are used to connect floors with an angle of rise between 30°-35°. The entire length of an escalator must also provide enough space for a lower zone of mechanical equipment along with a structural truss that averages around 3’8” | 1.12 m deep. Both ends of an escalator require structural supports and may also require intermediate supports depending on the length of the run.

For the safety of users, escalators must incorporate 3’ | .91 m handrails and preserve a minimum vertical headroom clearance of 7’6” | 2.29 m. Adequate space should be provided at each loading or discharge platform of an escalator for easy queuing and waiting at peak hours—typically 7’6” | 2.29 m at the bottom and 8’ | 2.44 m at the top. Escalators cannot be used to meet building requirements for fire exits.

When specifying an escalator installation, consult directly with the manufacturer for accurate sizes, capacity calculations, speeds, and structural requirements.

Drawing of an Escalator with dimensions showing required height clearances, lengths, and depths
Escalators are a form of vertical building transportation designed as a staircase that moves with the assistance of a motor-driven mechanism. Escalators are used to connect floors with an angle of rise between 30°-35°. The escalator must also provide space for a lower zone of mechanical equipment.

Drawing of an Escalator with dimensions showing required height clearances, lengths, and depths
Escalators
Height:
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
Area:

Angle of Rise: 30°-35°
Height (Handrail):
3’ | .91 m
Clearance (Headroom): 7’6” | 2.29 m minimum
Landing Length (Bottom): 7’6” | 2.29 m
Landing Length (Top): 8’ | 2.44 m
Depth (Truss): 3’8” | 1.12 m

Drawings include:
Escalator side elevation, side (people)

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Moving Walkways

Moving walkways, or moving sidewalks, conveyors or travelators, are motorized continuously moving horizontal or low-inclined surfaces that transport people over short to medium distances. Easy to use by either standing or walking, moving walkways are commonly used in airports, public transportation stations, densely populated cities, museums, zoos, theme parks, retail stores, theater sets, and ski resorts.

Moving walkways can be designed for various customizable lengths depending on use. Handrails of 3’ | .91 m must be maintained throughout the entire length of the walkway. For structural support, a supporting truss with a depth of 3’6” | 1.07 must also span the length of the moving walkway.

Side elevation drawing of a Moving Walkway with dimensions and people for scale
Moving walkways, or moving sidewalks, conveyors or travelators, are motorized continuously moving horizontal or low-inclined surfaces that transport people over short to medium distances. Easy to use by either standing or walking, moving walkways are commonly used spaces for human commuting.

Side elevation drawing of a Moving Walkway with dimensions and people for scale
Moving Walkways
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Length: Customizable as desired
Height (Handrail):
3’ | .91 m
Depth (Truss):
3’6” | 1.07 m

Drawings include:
Moving Walkways side elevation

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Escalator & Moving Walkway Widths

The widths of escalators and moving walkways can be adjusted to meet various demands of pedestrian traffic, use, travel speed, and distance. When calibrating the appropriate width of an escalator or moving walkway, three standard design widths for use are 24”, 32”, 40” | 61, 82, 102 cm. 24” | 61 cm widths are suitable for only one person at a time and are best used when traffic is limited or space is a concern. 32” | 82 cm wide designs offers more flexibility for the users and allow enough space for a second person to pass by. 40” | 102 cm widths provide space for two people and also are wide enough for two lanes of traffic.

Illustration of escalator widths of various dimensioned sizes with people for scale
The widths of escalators and moving walkways can be adjusted to meet various demands of pedestrian traffic, use, travel speed, and distance. When calibrating the appropriate width of an escalator or moving walkway, three standard design widths for use are 24”, 32”, 40” | 61, 82, 102 cm.


Illustration of escalator widths of various dimensioned sizes with people for scale
Escalator & Moving Walkway Widths
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Width (Stairs/Walkway): 24”, 32”, 40” | 61, 82, 102 cm
Width (Deck): 4’, 4’8”, 5’4” | 122, 142, 163 cm
Width (General): 32”, 40”, 48” | 82, 102, 122 cm
Height (Escalator Deck): 3’8” | 112 cm
Height (Walkway Deck): 3’6” | 107 cm

Drawings include:
Escalator widths sections, moving walkway widths sections

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Single Continuous Escalators
Elevation drawings of the side, front, and plan of a Single Continuous Escalator configuration between three levels

Single continuous escalators provide connections to subsequent building levels by connecting them directing with one-way circulation. Unlike discontinuous layouts, continuous designs provide users with quick and efficient vertical circulation between multiple levels. Though single continuous escalators only provide movement in one vertical direction, they can be combined with parallel continuous systems in either a paired continuous or crossing layouts. Single continuous escalators should be used in retail and commercial spaces where speed and efficiency are important for operation.

Single continuous escalators provide connections to subsequent building levels by connecting them directing with one-way circulation. Unlike discontinuous layouts, continuous designs provide users with quick and efficient vertical circulation between multiple levels.

Single Continuous Escalators
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Direction: One-way, single vertical direction
Circulation: Efficient, fast, direct
Uses:
Small department stores, commercial retail

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