Toilet Clearances

Clearances around toilets and water closets (WCs) can be measured from the face of the fixture or from its center line. Minimum clearances between the face of the toilet fixture and the wall or nearest obstruction element are at least 24” | 61 cm* but are recommended to be 36” | 91 cm. Accessories such as toilet paper dispensers should be within reach of the user and their center points should be around 30” | 76 cm from the floor and no further than 12” | 30.5 cm away from the face of the water closet.

This minimum is only for utility/private water closets and are not acceptable for meeting public accessibility standards.

Drawings of Toilet Clearances illustrated in side elevation and plan with dimensions

Clearances around toilets and water closets (WCs) can be measured from the face of the fixture or from its center line. Minimum clearances between the face of the toilet fixture and the wall or nearest obstruction element are at least 24” | 61 cm* but are recommended to be 36” | 91 cm. Accessories such as toilet paper dispensers should be within reach of the user and their center points should be around 30” | 76 cm from the floor and no further than 12” | 30.5 cm away from the face of the water closet.

This minimum is only for utility/private water closets and are not acceptable for meeting public accessibility standards.

Common Questions
Common Questions
How big is a typical toilet?
Toilets are designed and manufactured in a range of sizes and styles with typical depths between 27”-30” (69-76 cm), widths around 20” (51 cm), and back heights from 21”-31” (53-79 cm).
How tall is the toilet seat from the floor on an ADA compliant toilet?
The distance measured to the top of the toilet seat, not the bowl height, must be between 17”-19” (43.1-48.3 cm) to be ADA compliant. Before recently, most standard toilets were manufactured to be 15” (38.1 cm) in height which does not meet accessibility requirements.
What is the rough-in measurement of a standard toilet?
The Rough-In measurement of a toilet refers to the distance from the back wall to the center of the drainpipe at the base of a standard toilet. The rough-in measurement of a standard toilet design is typically 12” (30.5 cm).

Details

*Under Development*

Height: 
Width:
Depth:
Length:
Weight:

To front obstruction (minimum): 24” | 61 cm
To front obstruction (recommended): 36” | 91 cm
To side wall (from face): 12” | 30.5 cm min.
To side wall (from center): 22” | 56 cm min.
Toilet paper from floor: 30” | 76 cm
Toilet paper reach (from face): 12” | 30.5 cm

Drawings include:
Toilet Clearances side elevation, plan

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