Toilets are bathroom fixtures used for the sanitary collection and disposal of human waste products such as urine and feces. Consisting of a bowl and seat, toilets provide hygienically safe and convenient facilities for relieving ourselves. Toilets come in a variety of disposal methods that range from common flush toilets, dry toilets, and vacuum toilets to pit latrines, portable toilets, and chemical toilets. Toilet bowls are made of ceramic (porcelain) but other disposal designs may be made from concrete, plastic or wood. Toilet manufacturers also offer diverse options for seat styles and bowl design along with new possibilities to integrate technology into the toilet that may improve your experiences.

Toilet Clearances

To front obstruction (minimum): 24” | 61 cm
To front obstruction (recommended): 36” | 91 cm
To side wall (from face): 12” | 30.5 cm min.
To side wall (from center): 22” | 56 cm min.
Toilet paper from floor: 30” | 76 cm
Toilet paper reach (from face): 12” | 30.5 cm

Clearances around toilets and water closets (WCs) can be measured from the face of the fixture or from its center line. Minimum clearances between the face of the toilet fixture and the wall or nearest obstruction element are at least 24” | 61 cm* but are recommended to be 36” | 91 cm. Accessories such as toilet paper dispensers should be within reach of the user and their center points should be around 30” | 76 cm from the floor and no further than 12” | 30.5 cm away from the face of the water closet.
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Two-Piece Standard Toilet

Width: 19 1/2” | 494 mm
Depth: 28” | 710 mm
Height (Seat): 15 5/8” | 398 mm
Height (Tank): 28 1/2” | 724 mm

Two-Piece standard toilets are the most common household toilet design and are based on the aesthetics and proportions of earlier household toilets. Two-piece toilets consist of a separate tank and bowl.
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