Medical Positions

* Under Development *

Medical positions refer to the various standard patient positions in a hospital bed as determined by specific medical conditions, preferences, procedures and treatments. Positioning a patient in medical situations is more than achieving patient comfort as these positions can have direct and substantial impacts on their health and recovery. Care must be given when positioning and repositioning patients as poor alignments may cause undesired side effects such as sores or other injuries. Assistive devices such as pillows, blankets, and rolls can help achieve desirable levels of comfort and safety per medical position.

Illustration of Upright | High-Fowler's position with measured angles
High Fowler's | Upright Position

Angle: 60°-90°
Legs: Straight or bent
Purpose: Feeding, breathing, x-ray, grooming

The High Fowler’s position is an upright medical position where the patient sits elevated with head and upper body raised at an angle between 60°-90° in relation to the lower body. The High Fowler’s position is used for feeding, improved breathing, x-rays, grooming, and other upright circumstances.
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The High Fowler’s position is an upright medical position where the patient sits elevated with head and upper body raised at an angle between 60°-90° in relation to the lower body. The High Fowler’s position is used for feeding, improved breathing, x-rays, grooming, and other upright circumstances.
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Drawing of a person showing the angle range of the Raised | Fowler's Medical Position
Fowler's | Semi-Upright Position

Angle: 45°-60°
Legs: Straight, bent, elevated
Purpose: Oxygenation, respiration, relaxing abdomen, feeding, draining

The Fowler’s position is a semi-upright medical position where the patient sits with their upper body raised at an angle between 45°-60° in relation to the lower body. The Fowler’s position is most often used to promote respiration and oxygenation through the expansion of the chest.
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The Fowler’s position is a semi-upright medical position where the patient sits with their upper body raised at an angle between 45°-60° in relation to the lower body. The Fowler’s position is most often used to promote respiration and oxygenation through the expansion of the chest.
Details & Downloads
Diagram of a person on a medical table illustrating the angle of an Inclined | Semi-Fowler's Medical Position
Semi-Fowler's Position

Angle: 30°-45°
Legs: Straight, raised bed
Purpose: Childbirth, oxygenation, feeding, comfort

The Semi-Fowler’s position is an inclined medical position where the patient is on their back at a bed angle between 30°-45°. Semi-Fowler’s position is preferred during childbirth to improve the comfort of the mother. The foot of the bed can be raised to assist in bending the legs if needed.
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The Semi-Fowler’s position is an inclined medical position where the patient is on their back at a bed angle between 30°-45°. Semi-Fowler’s position is preferred during childbirth to improve the comfort of the mother. The foot of the bed can be raised to assist in bending the legs if needed.
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Illustration of a man laying in the Flat | Supine Medical Position from the side
Supine Position

Angle:
Face: Upwards
Purpose: Surgery, abdominal relaxation, head and neck procedures, blood circulation

Supine position is a medical position where the patient lays horizontally facing upwards at a 0° angle. One of the most common medical positions, the supine position is typically used for surgery, while also being useful for treating circulation, relaxing, and for head and neck procedures.
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Supine position is a medical position where the patient lays horizontally facing upwards at a 0° angle. One of the most common medical positions, the supine position is typically used for surgery, while also being useful for treating circulation, relaxing, and for head and neck procedures.
Details & Downloads