Medical Positions

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Medical Positions

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Supine Position
Illustration of a man laying in the Flat | Supine Medical Position from the side

Supine position is a medical position where the patient lays horizontally with face and body facing upwards at a 0° angle of incline. One of the most common medical positions, the supine position is typically used for surgery, while also being useful for treating irregular blood circulation, relaxing the abdomen, and for performing head and neck procedures. Pillows can be used for comfortably resting the head while keeping the neck in a neutral posture. Arms should be placed along the sides or bent towards the center of the body at a 90° angle.

Supine position is a medical position where the patient lays horizontally facing upwards at a 0° angle. One of the most common medical positions, the supine position is typically used for surgery, while also being useful for treating circulation, relaxing, and for head and neck procedures.

Supine Position
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Face: Upwards
Purpose: Surgery, abdominal relaxation, head and neck procedures, blood circulation

Drawings include:
Supine position side elevation (man)

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High Fowler's | Upright Position
Illustration of Upright | High-Fowler's position with measured angles

The High Fowler’s position is an upright medical position where the patient sits elevated with head and upper body raised at an angle between 60°-90° in relation to the lower body. The knees of the patient may be bent or straight depending on comfort and need. The High Fowler’s position is commonly used for feeding the patient, improved breathing, for radiology, grooming, and other circumstances that require an upright posture.

The High Fowler’s position is an upright medical position where the patient sits elevated with head and upper body raised at an angle between 60°-90° in relation to the lower body. The High Fowler’s position is used for feeding, improved breathing, x-rays, grooming, and other upright circumstances.

High Fowler's | Upright Position
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Angle: 60°-90°
Legs: Straight or bent
Purpose: Feeding, breathing, x-ray, grooming

Drawings include:
High Fowler's | Upright side elevation (male)

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Semi-Fowler's Position
Diagram of a person on a medical table illustrating the angle of an Inclined | Semi-Fowler's Medical Position

The Semi-Fowler’s position is an inclined medical position where the patient is on their back at a bed angle between 30°-45°. Used for similar Fowler’s position purposes that include lung expansion and feeding, the Semi-Fowler’s position is uniquely preferred during childbirth to improve the comfort of the mother. The foot of the bed can also be raised to assist in bending the legs if needed.

The Semi-Fowler’s position is an inclined medical position where the patient is on their back at a bed angle between 30°-45°. Semi-Fowler’s position is preferred during childbirth to improve the comfort of the mother. The foot of the bed can be raised to assist in bending the legs if needed.

Semi-Fowler's Position
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Angle: 30°-45°
Legs: Straight, raised bed
Purpose: Childbirth, oxygenation, feeding, comfort

Drawings include:
Semi-Fowler's position side elevation (male)

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Fowler's | Semi-Upright Position
Drawing of a person showing the angle range of the Raised | Fowler's Medical Position

The Fowler’s position is a semi-upright medical position where the patient sits with their upper body raised at an angle between 45°-60° in relation to the lower body. The patient’s knees may be straight, bent, or elevated as needed. Named after George Ryerson Fowler, the Fowler’s position is most often used to promote respiration and oxygenation through the expansion of the chest. Fowler’s position can also be used to alleviate abdominal tension, for improved drainage, and for improved comfort while eating.

The Fowler’s position is a semi-upright medical position where the patient sits with their upper body raised at an angle between 45°-60° in relation to the lower body. The Fowler’s position is most often used to promote respiration and oxygenation through the expansion of the chest.

Fowler's | Semi-Upright Position
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Angle: 45°-60°
Legs: Straight, bent, elevated
Purpose: Oxygenation, respiration, relaxing abdomen, feeding, draining

Drawings include:
Fowler's Position side elevation (male)

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