Medical positions refer to the various standard patient positions in a hospital bed as determined by specific medical conditions, preferences, procedures and treatments. Positioning a patient in medical situations is more than achieving patient comfort as these positions can have direct and substantial impacts on their health and recovery. Care must be given when positioning and repositioning patients as poor alignments may cause undesired side effects such as sores or other injuries. Assistive devices such as pillows, blankets, and rolls can help achieve desirable levels of comfort and safety per medical position.
Legs: Straight or bent
Purpose: Feeding, breathing, x-ray, grooming
Legs: Straight, bent, elevated
Purpose: Oxygenation, respiration, relaxing abdomen, feeding, draining
Legs: Straight, raised bed
Purpose: Childbirth, oxygenation, feeding, comfort
Purpose: Surgery, abdominal relaxation, head and neck procedures, blood circulation