Billiards | Pool

Billiard sports, also known as cue sports, are an assortment of games played on cloth-covered billiards (or pool) tables with a cue stick and billiard balls. Covering a range of play types and styles, cue sports can be categorized in three general types: Pool (pocket games), Snooker (English billiards), and Carom billiards. Pool is a general name for games on six-pocket tables of various lengths (7’, 8’, 9’) that include popular games such as Eight-ball, Nine-ball, and straight pool. Snooker, or English billiards, are games played on larger 12’ snooker tables while Carom billiards refers to a games on Carom tables without pockets.

Common Questions

How do you play pool?
There are many variations of pool with differing play styles and strategies, but the most common games are straight pool, rotation games, and eight-ball. Straight pool games allow players to shoot openly at any ball on the table to earn points. Rotation games (nine-ball) require that players shoot at balls in order from one to nine. Eight-ball is played with each player shooting at either the striped or the solid balls until they have successfully made them all and can then shoot the eight-ball to win.

How do you rack pool?
The two most common racks for pool are the diamond rack used in nine-ball pool and the full triangle rack used for eight-ball pool. Nine-ball pool is racked with the one ball at the apex and the nine ball in the center. Eight-ball pool is racked with the eight ball in the center and the other balls organized at random with a stripe and a solid at each of the back two corner locations.
How many balls are in pool?

Pool is a general term referring to a variety of different pool games, with the most popular games being nine-ball and eight-ball pool. Nine-ball is played with nine balls in a diamond rack labeled one through nine. Eight ball is played with fifteen balls in a full triangle rack.

* Under Development *

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Billiards | Pool

Billiards Racks

Billiards racks are pieces of sporting equipment used to place the billiard balls (to ‘rack’ the balls) into their starting locations for a game of pocket billiards. The two most popular variations of billiards racks are the triangle (Eight-ball) and the diamond (Nine-ball). Triangle racks have inner dimensions of 11.25” | 28.58 cm by 10“ | 25.51 cm and diamond racks are 6.75” | 17.15 cm by 10“ | 25.51 cm. Billiard racks are made out of a variety of material choices that commonly include wood, plastic or metal.

In eight-ball billiards, 15 balls are placed in the triangular rack with the eight ball in the center, the one ball at the apex, and a solid and stripe as the other two corners. In nine-ball billiards, balls one through nine are placed in numerical order (left to right) in the diamond shaped rack started from the apex.

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Billiards Racks have an overall length of and width of . Billiards Racks have an overall area of .
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The average Billiards Racks has an overall height of , withers (shoulder) height of , and body length of . A typical Billiards Racks weighs between and has a lifespan of roughly .
The typical Billiards Racks has an overall height of and body length of . An average Billiards Racks weighs between and has a typical lifespan of .
Billiards Racks has a width of and height of .
The Billiards Racks has a height of , width of , and a depth of . The Billiards Racks was released in .
Sizes and dimensions of eight ball and nine ball racks used in the game of Billiards | Pool
Billiards racks are pieces of sporting equipment used to place the billiard balls (to ‘rack’ the balls) into their starting locations for a game of pocket billiards. The two most popular variations of billiards racks are the triangle (Eight-ball) and the diamond (Nine-ball).
Sizes and dimensions of eight ball and nine ball racks used in the game of Billiards | Pool
Billiards Racks

*Under Development*

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Eight-Ball Rack: 15 ball triangle
Inner Width (Eight-Ball): 11.25” | 28.58 cm
Inner Height (Eight-Ball): 10“ | 25.51 cm
Nine-Ball Rack: 9 ball diamond
Inner Width (Nine-Ball): 6.75” | 17.15 cm
Inner Height (Nine-Ball): 10“ | 25.51 cm
Materials: Wood, plastic, metal

Drawings include:
Eight-ball Rack plan, Nine-ball rack plan

Details & Downloads
8 Foot Billiards | Pool Table
Drawing with dimensions of a standard 8' Billiards | Pool Table

8’ Billiards | Pool Tables are standard tables sized for usage in homes. 8’ Tables have playing surfaces with a length of 88” | 224 cm, width of 44” | 112 cm, and are set at 29 1/4”-31” | 74.3-78.7 cm high. An 8’ Pool Table has an overall size of 103” x 59” | 262 x 150 cm and a height of 32” | 81.3 cm. A clearance space of at least 11’8” x 15’4” | 3.55 x 4.67 m should be provided for a 8’ Billiards | Pool Table.

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8 Foot Pool Table have an overall length of and width of . 8 Foot Pool Table have an overall area of .
The 8 Foot Pool Table has an overall height of , length of , and depth of . The 8 Foot Pool Table has a seat height set at and an arm height of .
The average 8 Foot Pool Table has an overall height of , withers (shoulder) height of , and body length of . A typical 8 Foot Pool Table weighs between and has a lifespan of roughly .
The typical 8 Foot Pool Table has an overall height of and body length of . An average 8 Foot Pool Table weighs between and has a typical lifespan of .
8 Foot Pool Table has a width of and height of .
The 8 Foot Pool Table has a height of , width of , and a depth of . The 8 Foot Pool Table was released in .
Front and side profiles with measurements of an 8' Billiards | Pool Table
8’ Billiards | Pool Tables are tables sized for usage in homes. 8’ Tables have playing surfaces with a length of 88” | 224 cm, width of 44” | 112 cm, and are set at 29 1/4”-31” | 74.3-78.7 cm high. An 8’ Pool Table has an overall size of 103” x 59” | 262 x 150 cm and a height of 32” | 81.3 cm.
Front and side profiles with measurements of an 8' Billiards | Pool Table
8 Foot Billiards | Pool Table

*Under Development*

Height:
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
Area:

Surface Length: 88” | 224 cm
Surface Width: 44” | 112 cm
Surface Height: 29 1/4”-31” | 74.3-78.7 cm
Table Length: 103” | 262 cm
Table Width: 59” | 150 cm
Table Height: 32” | 81.3 cm

8’ Billiards | Pool Table Clearances
48” Cue:
11’8” x 15’4” | 3.55 x 4.67 m
52” Cue:
12’4” x 16’ | 3.76 x 4.88 m
58” Cue:
13’4” x 17’ | 4.06 x 5.18 m
Area (52” Clearance):
197 ft2 | 18.3 m2

Drawings include:
8' Billiards | Pool Table plan, side elevation, front elevation, room size clearance

Details & Downloads
7 Foot Billiards | Pool Table
Dimensioned drawing illustrating the measurements and sizes of a 7' Billiards | Pool Table

7’ Billiards | Pool Tables are sized smaller than professional regulations for private usage in  tighter spaces such as bars and small homes. 7’ Tables have playing surfaces measuring 78” | 198 cm in length, a width of 39” | 99 cm, and have beds set at 29 1/4”-31” | 74.3-78.7 cm from the floor. A standard 7’ Pool Table has an overall size of 93” x 54” | 236 x 137 cm and a height of 32” | 81.3 cm. A clearance space of at least 11’3” x 14’6” | 3.42 x 4.42 m should be provided for a 7’ Billiards | Pool Table.

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7 Foot Pool Table have an overall length of and width of . 7 Foot Pool Table have an overall area of .
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The average 7 Foot Pool Table has an overall height of , withers (shoulder) height of , and body length of . A typical 7 Foot Pool Table weighs between and has a lifespan of roughly .
The typical 7 Foot Pool Table has an overall height of and body length of . An average 7 Foot Pool Table weighs between and has a typical lifespan of .
7 Foot Pool Table has a width of and height of .
The 7 Foot Pool Table has a height of , width of , and a depth of . The 7 Foot Pool Table was released in .
Front and side elevation drawings with measurements of a 7' Billiards | Pool Table
7’ Billiards | Pool Tables are sized smaller than professional regulations for private usage in tighter spaces such as bars and small homes. 7’ Tables have playing surfaces measuring 78” | 198 cm in length, a width of 39” | 99 cm, and have beds set at 29 1/4”-31” | 74.3-78.7 cm from the floor.
Front and side elevation drawings with measurements of a 7' Billiards | Pool Table
7 Foot Billiards | Pool Table

*Under Development*

Height:
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
Area:

Surface Length: 78” | 198 cm
Surface Width: 39” | 99 cm
Surface Height: 29 1/4”-31” | 74.3-78.7 cm
Table Length: 93” | 236 cm
Table Width: 54” | 137 cm
Table Height: 32” | 81.3 cm

7’ Billiards | Pool Table Clearances
48” Cue:
11’3” x 14’6” | 3.43 x 4.42 m
52” Cue:
11’11” x 15’2” | 3.63 x 4.62 m
58” Cue:
12’11” x 16’2” | 3.93 x 4.92 m
Area (52” Clearance):
181 ft2 | 16.8 m2

Drawings include:
7' Billiards | Pool Table plan, side elevation, front elevation, room size clearance

Details & Downloads
Billiard Balls
Diagram comparing the relative sizes of billiard balls used for various cue sports

Billiard balls come in different sizes and designs that vary by game type. Traditionally, billiard balls were made from elephant ivory, but are commonly made from phenolic resin today. Billiard balls range in diameter from the largest in Russian pyramid and kaisa at 2 11/16” | 68 mm to the smallest in Snooker 2 1/16” | 52.5 mm. Other variations of billiard ball sizes are Carom at 2 7/16” | 61.5 mm, American-style at 2 1/4” | 57 mm, and British-style at 2 3/16” | 56 mm.

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The average Billiard Balls has an overall height of , withers (shoulder) height of , and body length of . A typical Billiard Balls weighs between and has a lifespan of roughly .
The typical Billiard Balls has an overall height of and body length of . An average Billiard Balls weighs between and has a typical lifespan of .
Billiard Balls has a width of and height of .
The Billiard Balls has a height of , width of , and a depth of . The Billiard Balls was released in .
Drawing comparing billiard ball dimensions from Russian Kaisa, Carom, American, English, Snooker
Billiard balls come in different sizes and designs that vary by game type. Traditionally, billiard balls were made from elephant ivory, but are commonly made from phenolic resin today. Billiard balls range in diameter from Russian pyramid down to Carom, American-style, British-style, and Snooker.
Drawing comparing billiard ball dimensions from Russian Kaisa, Carom, American, English, Snooker
Billiard Balls

*Under Development*

Height:
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Area:

Diameter (Russian kaisa): 2 11/16” | 68 mm
Diameter (Carom): 2 7/16” | 61.5 mm
Diameter (American): 2 1/4” | 57 mm
Diameter (British): 2 3/16” | 56 mm
Diameter (Snooker): 2 1/16” | 52.5 mm
Material: Phenolic resin

Drawings include:
Billiard Ball sizes: Russian Kaisa, Carom, American, English, Snooker

Details & Downloads
8.5 Foot Billiards | Pool Table
Dimensions and drawing of an 8.5' Billiards | Pool Table

8.5’ Billiards | Pool Tables are oversized ‘professional’ tables sized to provide a greater challenge for players. 8.5’ Tables have playing surfaces measuring 92” | 234 cm cm in length, a width of 46” | 117 cm, and have beds set at 29 1/4”-31” | 74.3-78.7 cm from the floor. A standard 8.5’ Pool Table has an overall size of 107” x 61” | 272 x 155 cm and a height of 32” | 81.3 cm. A clearance space of at least 11’10” x 15’8” | 3.6 x 4.77 m should be provided for a 8.5’ Billiards | Pool Table.

8.5 Foot Pool Table has a width of and height of .
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8.5 Foot Pool Table has a height of .
The 8.5 Foot Pool Table has an overall height of , width of , and depth of .
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The 8.5 Foot Pool Table has an overall height of , length of , and depth of . The seat height of the 8.5 Foot Pool Table is set at .
8.5 Foot Pool Table have an overall length of and width of . 8.5 Foot Pool Table have an overall area of .
The 8.5 Foot Pool Table has an overall height of , length of , and depth of . The 8.5 Foot Pool Table has a seat height set at and an arm height of .
The average 8.5 Foot Pool Table has an overall height of , withers (shoulder) height of , and body length of . A typical 8.5 Foot Pool Table weighs between and has a lifespan of roughly .
The typical 8.5 Foot Pool Table has an overall height of and body length of . An average 8.5 Foot Pool Table weighs between and has a typical lifespan of .
8.5 Foot Pool Table has a width of and height of .
The 8.5 Foot Pool Table has a height of , width of , and a depth of . The 8.5 Foot Pool Table was released in .
Elevation dimensions of the height, length, and width of an 8.5' Billiards | Pool Table
8.5’ Billiards | Pool Tables are oversized ‘professional’ tables sized to provide a greater challenge for players. 8.5’ Tables have playing surfaces measuring 92” | 234 cm cm in length, a width of 46” | 117 cm, and have beds set at 29 1/4”-31” | 74.3-78.7 cm from the floor.
Elevation dimensions of the height, length, and width of an 8.5' Billiards | Pool Table
8.5 Foot Billiards | Pool Table

*Under Development*

Height:
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
Area:

Surface Length: 92” | 234 cm
Surface Width: 46” | 117 cm
Surface Height: 29 1/4”-31” | 74.3-78.7 cm
Table Length: 107” | 272 cm
Table Width: 61” | 155 cm
Table Height: 32” | 81.3 cm

8.5’ Billiards | Pool Table Clearances
48” Cue:
11’10” x 15’8” | 3.60 x 4.77 m
52” Cue:
12’6” x 16’4” | 3.81 x 4.98 m
58” Cue:
13’6” x 17’4” | 4.11 x 5.28 m
Area (52” Clearance):
204 ft2 | 19 m2

Drawings include:
8.5’ Billiards | Pool Table plan, side elevation, front elevation, room size clearance

Details & Downloads
9 Foot Billiards | Pool Table
Drawing with dimensions of the length and width of a 9' Billiards | Pool Table

9’ Billiards | Pool Tables are large and challenging tables suited for the most skilled billiards players. 9’ Tables have playing surfaces with a length of 100” | 254 cm, width of 50” | 127 cm, and are set at 29 1/4”-31” | 74.3-78.7 cm high. A 9’ Pool Table has an overall size of 114” x 64” | 290 x 163 cm and a height of 32” | 81.3 cm. A clearance space of at least 12’2” x 16’4” | 3.71 x 4.98 m should be provided for a 9’ Billiards | Pool Table.

9 Foot Pool Table has a width of and height of .
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The 9 Foot Billiards | Pool Table has a height of , width of , depth of , and weighs . The 9 Foot Billiards | Pool Table was released in .
9 Foot Pool Table has a height of .
The 9 Foot Pool Table has an overall height of , width of , and depth of .
The 9 Foot Pool Table has an overall height of , width of , and depth of . The seat height of the 9 Foot Pool Table is set at with arms at .
The 9 Foot Pool Table has an overall height of , length of , and depth of .
The 9 Foot Pool Table has an overall height of , length of , and depth of . The seat height of the 9 Foot Pool Table is set at .
9 Foot Pool Table have an overall length of and width of . 9 Foot Pool Table have an overall area of .
The 9 Foot Pool Table has an overall height of , length of , and depth of . The 9 Foot Pool Table has a seat height set at and an arm height of .
The average 9 Foot Pool Table has an overall height of , withers (shoulder) height of , and body length of . A typical 9 Foot Pool Table weighs between and has a lifespan of roughly .
The typical 9 Foot Pool Table has an overall height of and body length of . An average 9 Foot Pool Table weighs between and has a typical lifespan of .
9 Foot Pool Table has a width of and height of .
The 9 Foot Pool Table has a height of , width of , and a depth of . The 9 Foot Pool Table was released in .
Front and side elevation drawings of the measurements of a 9' Billiards | Pool Table
9’ Billiards | Pool Tables are large and challenging tables suited for the most skilled billiards players. 9’ Tables have playing surfaces with a length of 100” | 254 cm, width of 50” | 127 cm, and are set at 29 1/4”-31” | 74.3-78.7 cm high.
Front and side elevation drawings of the measurements of a 9' Billiards | Pool Table
9 Foot Billiards | Pool Table

*Under Development*

Height:
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
Area:

Surface Length: 100” | 254 cm
Surface Width: 50” | 127 cm
Surface Height: 29 1/4”-31” | 74.3-78.7 cm
Table Length: 114” | 290 cm
Table Width: 64” | 163 cm
Table Height: 32” | 81.3 cm

9’ Billiards | Pool Table Clearances
48” Cue:
12’2” x 16’4” | 3.71 x 4.98 m
52” Cue:
12’10” x 17’ | 3.91 x 5.18 m
58” Cue:
13’10” x 18’ | 4.21 x 5.49 m
Area (52” Clearance):
218 ft2 | 20.3 m2

Drawings include:
9' Billiards | Pool Table plan, side elevation, front elevation, room size clearance

Details & Downloads
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